RESILIENT CITIES: what and where.
“The battle to prevent catastrophic climate change will be won or lost in our cities…” (C40 Cities Initiative)
We can define “Resilient” those cities that are preparing to transition towards a low-carbon economy, facing while also tackling the challenge of climate change. In 2011 Boyd Cohen, wrote up the list of the most ten resilient cities of the world that was:
10) Tokyo, Japan
9) London, UK
8)New York, USA
7) San Francisco, USA
6) Pari, France
5) Vancouver, Canada
4) Stockholm, Sweden
3) Barcelona, Spain
2) Curitiba, Brazil
1) Copenhagen, Denmark
What’s happening, today, in 2018? Things have changed a lot and I think it’s impossible to have the top ten resilient cities of 2018. Every city is trying to reach a level of sustainability and resilience in relationship to the context, therefore the cities are triyng to reach its peculiar resilience: flood resilience, earthquake-resilient, social event resilience and so on.
The 9th Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation that has taken place in Bonn, Germany, 26-28 april 2018, given this definition for “resilient City”:
A 'Resilient City' is prepared to absorb and recover from any shock or stress while maintaining its essential functions, structures, and identity as well as adapting and thriving in the face of continual change. Building resilience requires identifying and assessing hazard risks, reducing vulnerability and exposure, and lastly, increasing resistance, adaptive capacity, and emergency preparedness.
The real difference is that, today, the gobal movement for resilient cities has reach a great number of members (cities and citizen working for resilience), encoded actions and holistic strategies for resilience, raised more than 33 billions of dollars from national, philanthropic and private sources to implement resilience projects
Nowdays a network of “resilient” cities is connecting cities all over the world: the web site http://www.100resilientcities.org/ has divided them depending on the geographical areas of the planet.
The cities? It’s not a ranking but a participated network, working for the future!
Accra, Addis Ababa, Amman, Athens, Atlanta, Bangkok, Barcelona, Belfast, Belgrade, Berkeley, Boston, Boulder, Bristol. Buenos Aires, Byblos, Calgary, Cali, Can Tho, Cape Town, Chennai, Chicago, Christchurch, Colima, Da Nang, Dakar, Dallas, Deyang, Durban, El Paso, Glasgow, Great Manchester, Greater Miami and the beaches, Guadalajara, Honolulu, Houston, Huangshi, Jaipur, Jakarta, Juarez, Kigali, Kyoto, Lagos, Lisbon, London, Los Angeles, Louisville, Luxor, Mandalay, Medellin, Melaka, Melbourne, Mexico City, Milano, Minneapolis, Montevideo, Montreal, Nairobi, Nashville New Orleans, New York, Norfolk, Oakland, Panama, Paris, Paynesville, Pittsburgh, Porto Alegre, Pune, Quito, Ramallah, Rio de Janeiro, Roma, Rotterdam, Salvador, San Francisco, San juan, santa Fe, Santiago de Los Caballeros, Santiago Chile, Seattle, Semarang, Seoul, Singapore, st. Louis, Surat, Sydney, Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, The Hague, Thessaloniki, Toronto, Toyama, Tulsa, Vancouver, Vejle, Washington DC, Wellington.
As I can see Copenhagen is not present. Too smart, too green, too much to be here?